What Is Acne? Its Common Causes

Acne is a disease that affects skin’s oil glands, which open to outside through small pores in the skin. These glands make an oily substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal called a follicle. Inside the follicles, oil carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. A thin hair also grows out through the follicle. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows.

Nearly, everyone has a pimple or pimples in life. Most pimples are found on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders.

It occurs mostly during adolescence, about 20% of all cases occurring in adults. It commonly starts during puberty between the ages of 10 and 13 and tends to be worse in people with oily skin. Teenage acne usually lasts for five to 10 years. It occurs in both sexes. Teenage boys tend to have severe forms but girls have mild to moderate forms, which may tend to persist in their 30s and beyond.

Its causes –

Three things are required for acne to occur: overproduction of sebum, irregular shedding of dead skin and buildup of bacteria in the pores. Some common causes are enumerated below:

Hormones – Acne can be considered a hormonal disease. During puberty, an increase in androgen (male hormones) levels takes place both in males and females, which signals the body to produce more sebum. The surplus sebum seems to be instrumental in clogging hair follicles where bacteria grow, causing acne pimples and blemishes. In women, acne symptoms fluctuate cyclically due to estrogen hormone levels during menstrual cycles. About 63% of acne prone women experience the premenstrual flares, which usually strike about seven to 10 days before the onset of a period and then subside as soon as bleeding begins.

The effects of hormonal changes on acne can also be seen during pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives and to a lesser degree menopause.

Bacteria – Excess sebum blocks the openings to hair follicles and bacteria can grow in these clogged follicles. This results in blackheads or whiteheads, also known as comedones, on the skin’s surface. Sometimes, the clogged follicles break open, resulting in leaks of sebum into nearby tissues, due to which papules or pustules are formed. This is called inflammatory acne. Larger, tender pustules are called nodules.

Diet – There seems to be an association between diet and acne but this needs to be substantiated further. Due to our modern diets and Western style of living, achieving sustainable relief of acne from changes in diet alone remains an elusive goal. Many argue that increased calorie intake results in higher male hormone (androgen) levels, thus worsening acne symptoms. This needs further validation by more studies. Eating a more balanced ratio of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fats can help modulate inflammation in the human body. Since acne is an inflammatory disease, it makes sense that anything that can reduce inflammation would also help reduce acne.

Researchers have found that hyperinsulinemia – a condition having higher insulin levels in blood – elicits a hormonal response that supports unregulated epithelial growth and increased sebum secretion. This condition can also be induced by unhealthy diet.

Recent research suggests that diet certainly does have an effect and a low-glycemic, Mediterranean-style diet may provide one of the safest options in the management of the condition.

Chocolates have no link to acne as they are mostly blamed for, nor do other frequently blamed foods such as pizza and potato chips, the caveat being that they should be consumed within limits.

Stress- Stress causes an inflammatory response in the body. Under stress, the adrenal glands go into overdrive due to which the production of androgens increases. Higher androgen levels can lead to more acne. The adrenal glands produce a much larger percentage of androgens in women than men. This may explain why stress seems to affect women more than men when it comes to acne. Stress also produces excess of cortisol, which may also exacerbate existing acne. But stress connection needs to be investigated further.

The bottom line –

Acne is a common disorder that causes considerable distress in people who have it. Most acne specialists have argued that there is no clear association between acne and foods such as chocolate or other sweets. But some newer studies suggest that acne may be linked to diet, although the benefits of dietary modification to reduce the incidence or severity of acne are not well established at present.

Acne in Adults

Acne is looked at as a teenager’s condition. And truth to be told that is pretty much what we all think when talking about acne. We all had to deal with it while young. Who didn’t? Statistics show that about 85% of young people have a form of acne. In most cases acne problems ease around the age of twenty.

However adults are not completely safe from developing acne. About 8% of adult population has a form of acne. Not as much as the teen acne but equally unpleasant. Most cases of adult acne have one common cause: overactive hormones. This hormonal imbalance translates in excessive oil production by the sebaceous glands.

Sebaceous gland is attached to every hair follicle. They produce sebum, an oily greasy substance with the purpose of keeping the skin moist. When too much sebum is released by these glands we may have a problem. Excess sebum combined with skin’s dead cells can lead to a blocked skin pore which can turn in a form of acne: blackhead, whitehead or more serious forms cysts and nodules.

If sebum excess creates the premises for acne then bacteria, Propionibacterium, which is inoffensive on a healthy skin, becomes responsible for developing acne when the skin is inflamed. In this case you can develop pimples, cysts, nodules. If you ignore them these acne can lead to permanent deep scars.

If the hormonal changes have a saying in adult acne the next logical question is what triggers the hormonal changes? The answer is not simple; many causes can trigger these imbalances: air quality, UV levels, steroids in food, water quality, genetically modified food. Other factors can be skin scratching and rubbing, picking blemishes, everyday stress, drugs, female reproductive cycle.

The good news though is hat treated properly acne can be healed relatively easy. Today there are a few great acne treatment products available in liquid form (facial wash), cream and capsules. Make sure the one you choose is appropriate for your specific condition and only use them in mild cases of acne. For severe acne cases you have to see a dermatologist.

Thoroughly cleansing the skin is the first step in preventing and also in treating acne. Don’t over do it though as you can cause more harms than good. You could spread the acne or cause skin lesions or scars. Do it careful and gently!

The no prescription acne treatments available today include ClearPores, the best acne treatment system on the market, Acnezine – a product working on hormonal imbalances, Vilantae – acne treatment for oily skin acne. Other treatments showing good results have acid salicylic as the active ingredient.

Furthermore, it would be helpful to find a product that has salicylic acid as an active ingredient; an example of this kind of skin products is Healthy Pores Facial Wash. Salicylic acid has been used several ages ago to treat lots of skin problems. This prompted medical experts to include the ingredient to modern skin products. According to a study done by Healthy Pores, a 2% worth of salicylic acid greatly performs in unclogging pores. Thus, regular usage of a product with the said ingredient is guaranteed to have a more glowing and healthier skin since the trapped whiteheads and blackheads are already eliminated.

To avoid any serious consequences is best to treat acne properly in its early stages.

Causes of Adult Acne – What Are the Main Causes of Acne in Adults?

Acne is a chronic skin condition which occurs in most adults. It is estimated that almost 85% teenagers are suffering from various skin symptoms like: pimples, blackheads, zits, and spots, inflammation, and swelling, etc. In this way, dermatologists tell you lots of causes of adult acne.

1. Menstruation

For years, a woman’s adult acne has been revolving around her menstrual periods and hives will build up some days before the beginning of her period. The reason is that a woman’s estrogen intensity is diminishing while her progesterone levels embark on to grow. This impacts the sebaceous glands to create more smears with oil, which can be resulted in the arrival of zits.

2. Pregnancy

As if pregnant women don’t have as much as necessary to fret about, they frequently have to worry about rising acne too! It is very frequent for grown-up acne to present itself throughout pregnancy. Women experience a swing of hormonal changes during pregnancy. Acne is a lot at its most terrible shape during the first 3 months of pregnancy, when hormones are changing all over the diagram. Nevertheless, it is likely for acne to last during the entire pregnancy and to persisting into the breastfeeding stage.

3. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

It is one of the major causes of adult acne. It is frequently observed in misdiagnosed conditions in women. The condition impacts 6%-10% of all women. The majority of women don’t even familiar with they have it! While unbalanced menstruation is the most widespread symptom of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, acne is more or less always there when this condition happens.

4. Menopause

This will be good to imagine that menopause can indicate the start of the end of adult acne. Unluckily, grown-up acne can come into view in postmenopausal women, as well. While it’s not frequent, it’s not unfeasible to know-how the onset of spots during your 40’s, 50’s and ahead of. When zit develops at this phase in the game, it’s generally serene, but it can still be a source of discomfiture and irritation.

5. Medication

Study has revealed that several medications could become the major reason of adult acne. These consist of: anabolic steroids, meds, lithium, iodine, ionized, rifampin, and anti-epileptic medications.

6. Chemicals

Chlorinated industrial chemicals can cause adult acne.

7. Stress

Study shows that stress is one of the major causes of adult acne.

What Causes Acne of Adults?

It is commonly thought that only teenagers suffer from acne and that this problem clears up as you get older. Whilst teenagers do indeed often experience bad cases of acne due to the fluctuation in hormone levels, the problem is not in fact just limited to this age group. It is possible to have severe acne troubles at any age. This article will cover some more information about how to deal with acne in your adult years.

Causes of Adult Acne

Acne can develop in adult life even when if was not a problem to you during your teenage years. Often acne is caused by hormone imbalances and these can occur in adults. Hormones control the levels of sebum that are produced within the skin and when excess amounts are present then acne breakouts will occur. Some common triggers are pregnancy, family planning methods and some medications such as steroids. If you believe that your medication may be causing acne then discuss this with your doctor to see what other options may be available to you.

Acne Mechanica

Acne can also be due to irritation to the skin. This can be caused by clothing which is tight against the skin, rubs against it and/or contains materials (such as wool) that cause irritation.


If you do daily work that involves using chlorinated solvents this can also be another cause of acne outbreaks. When this is the cause of the problem, it is called “Chloracne”.

How to Treat Adult Acne

If you develop acne when you are an adult then it can be very difficult to treat. You should consult a doctor about the best type of remedy for your skin and then follow the advice that you are given very carefully. It is always best to treat Adult acne as soon as you start to experience it. Otherwise, it can develop and become worse, which leaves you in danger of serious damage and scarring to your skin which is very detrimental to the appearance.

Acne – An Adult Dilemma As Well

Acne is often regarded as a major teenager’s problem. But there are several adults who also suffer from what we call “adult acne”. Adults in their twenties and beyond can still experience acne, and the negative effects of stress aid to the strain of having it pop up in their face.

Studies show that mental stress can be a major cause in developing acne for adults. Moreover, women are likely to suffer from it because they are more exposed to stress which they acquire throughout their daily lifestyle. They are also prone to hormonal imbalances, especially at times when they have their monthly menstruation and during pregnancy.

The environment is another factor in developing adult acne. If your surroundings are always dirty, most likely all the dust will be carried through the wind and eventually land on your face. If left unwashed, these dust and dirt can clog up your pores and infect them making the pore inflamed.

Just like teen acne, the best treatment that you can avail of is maintaining proper skin care and a healthy personal hygiene. Take a bath everyday, and use mild soap only so that your acne wont further develop into an infection.

Also watch out for your diet. Drink enough water and exclude from your meal some oily foods. Eat more fruits and vegetables.

Take enough sleep and rest. It will relax your skin pores and eventually prevent acne from developing.

The lifestyle of an adult is an important factor in the appearance of adult acne as well. Avoid drinking liquor, alcohol-based beverages and smoking. It will just make your face riddled with acne.

You can also take some acne medications like skin care products and skin treatments. Just see your dermatologist so that he/she can determine which treatment would be right for you.